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  • Writer's pictureMark Reiner, PhD, PE

Foundational infrastructure framework for city resilience

Updated: Jul 10, 2019

The city is a complex interdependent system of natural, social, and structural systems – a ‘system of systems.’ Each system is important in its own right, but most city systems are highly dependent on functioning infrastructure for their successful operation.

We Need a Starting Point for Planning City Resilience

For a growing number of cities around the world, climate change means a higher risk of flooding, fires, earthquakes, hurricanes, and other disasters that test the resilience of

city infrastructure. Terrorism, and associated threats to infrastructure, is another concern for municipalities. City Managers and Public Works Directors need a straightforward framework, for evaluating the resilience of city infrastructure

systems in the wake of these changes. Facing an array of deteriorating urban infrastructure and limited budgets, they need a starting point for developing sound

capital improvement plans.

See the full paper at:

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David Savarese
David Savarese
May 26, 2021

The intersection of housing and health is very complex. This text is a good starting point:

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